It is 7.15 in the evening. Time for me to collect the saffron. A bumblebee has fallen asleep, head first in the saffron crocus.
Would you wake her up to get at the saffron strands?
It is 7.15 in the evening. Time for me to collect the saffron. A bumblebee has fallen asleep, head first in the saffron crocus.
Would you wake her up to get at the saffron strands?
The incessant rain has been keeping me indoors and I really felt I wanted to accomplish something useful. So I decided to polish my halo and go through my camera memory card, removing blurred shots and trying to get some order into the ones that I want to keep as records. I also mean to find names for bees and plants that I have not recognised.
This was a photo I had taken on 11 September 2019. Our Asters attracted so many pollinators this year. I am not very good with butterflies and I supposed it would be one of the tailed blues we get around here.
When I checked my “Butterflies of Europe” book by Tristan Lafranchis I found it was a Geranium Bronze (Cacyreus marshalli) butterfly. The reason for its name is pretty obvious but that brought me to the “Do you mean Geranium or Pelargonium?” question. I was rather hoping that its food of preference was Pelargoniums, as I do not have any of these very popular plants and as most people buy them every year from the Supermarket or nursery, I did not feel too selfish about this cynical thought.
However, it seems that the caterpillars can be content with geraniums or pelargoniums as food. I have plenty perennial geraniums in the garden, as the bees adore them.
In addition, I had not realised that they can be serious pests for the growers who supply the supermarkets and nurseries with pelargoniums.
I have yet to see any damage to my perennial geraniums but I will keep an eye out this summer. It may just have been our exceptionally warm summer that allowed it to mature on imported Pelargoniums.
Apart from finding out the name of this butterfly, I also discovered that many Pelargonium species originate from South Africa whereas geraniums are mainly a European species. Pelargoniums have been with us for a long time, they were introduced into Europe from the beginning of the seventeenth century. The roots of Pelargonium triste had a local reputation of treating dysentery which interested the apothecaries of the time.
Not bad for a rainy day :).
The garden is still relatively green despite our higher than average temperatures and lack of rain.
I have managed to have sweet peas for the second year, much to my surprise. They are the perennial variety and have self seeded and caught me unaware, so I will just have to sort things out after they have finished flowering. Perhaps next year I will be able to help them put on a better show.
The Wisteria is flowering for the second time and has had a sever trimming since this photograph was taken.
The mophead Hydrangea has supported the heat, up till now, although it looks a little sad in the evenings.
Although the flowers of the Lacecap Hydrangea are pretty close-up, I think they are more difficult to appreciate from a distance as the flowers face skyward. The mophead Hydrangea may be more common but I feel our mophead has more impact.
The Foxgloves are mainly over but I will be collecting the seed and trying to increase them as they seem very happy in the garden and have put up a fine show this year.The other star of our June/July garden is the Larkspur (Delphinium consolida). I have found these grow best here if left to self-seed or sown in the autumn straight into the soil.
They attract all sorts of pollinators and require no special care. I get beautiful pale shades of pink and lilac but I have found that I must select the seeds of the white and the pale flowers or else it is mainly the dark blue flowers that take over.
My geraniums have made themselves at home all over the garden and are quite happy in drier, shadier areas. They are also a big favourite of the bumble bees.
The lavender is growing well and enjoying the hot sun we are experiencing at the moment.
The hummingbird hawk moth (Macroglossum stellatarum) has been around for a while now and he visits the garden from early in the morning until the light is going.
It is good to see the season visitors in the garden like the Anthidium manicatum bee on the Stachys. Growing Stachys is a sure method to attract this bee to the garden.
On the other hand the bottle brush (a Callistimon species) has not been the bee magnet that we had expected.
At the moment it is the Magnolia grandiflora that is the star of the garden. It looks beautiful and smells divine.
…and of course the bees love it! Have a look at this short video (30 seconds) to see the bees collecting pollen from the flowers.
This part of the front garden border provides lots of colour near the house but I have not planted anything there for years. I first sowed forget-me-nots in the garden over ten years ago and that one sowing was all that was needed to ensure their appearance every spring. Sure they will have to be hauled out later in the year as they get untidy, but it is nice to see them again in spring. I am getting a bit worried about the white alliums though and I think I might have to be more severe this year.
Kourosh flung a handful of Honesty seeds in front of the green plastic composteur and that has created a bright screen that I expect will be self perpetuating.
The Honesty is very popular with all the pollinators and I see a lot of orange tip butterflies on it.
This is a male Anthocharis cardamines. They look so good against the purple petals, I wonder if he is just showing off.
The purple Iris outside the front walls are beautiful and provide lots of colour but I have a difference of opinion with Kourosh here that they create too much work. After the flowers have past I find that Iris stems provide ideal nursery spaces for all sorts of weeds and prevent efficient strimming along the base of the wall.
Contrary to the Iris, is the Choisya “Sundance” which is in flower just now and is a workhorse. It gives you perfumed flowers and the yellow, evergreen foliage light up the winter garden.
Another impressive evergreen is my Lonicera tatarica. It is in flower just now and survives in a dry, shaded spot in the back garden.
I don’t keep too many pots, but I love to have pots of Camassia on the patio at this time of year. They attract a lot of bumble bees, so as soon as the sun is out in the morning we are out with a coffee and the bees are on the Camassia.
The queen bumble bees make a lot of noise as they go about their morning tasks.
The Anthophora bees are frequent visitors too. This could even be a female A. plumipes as we have only the grey females here.
In the back garden it is the Victoria plum tree that attracts the bees at the moment.
I am pretty sure that this is an Andrena fulva.
However, this one I am not so sure of, but it might be an Andrena flavipes or Andrena nitida – see comments. All comers are very welcome on the plum tree.
Another flower attracting all comers is the thyme.
I started this thyme off to cover a difficult patch between two tree. I had already tried other options but this is thyme taken from patches growing wild in the garden and I have supported it by covering the edges with wood chip. The tulips are from a previous idea and I’ll let them fight it out themselves as they seem pretty determined.
I am very happy with its spread and I am considering using it in other places to inhibit weeds in sunny spots.
This is a clump of self-sown Cerinthe. Probably the biggest draw for solitary bees in the garden at the moment. It is so thickly sown that it has completely suppressed weeds (well the nasty ones, I am not counting the borage and a bit of fumitory). So, I cannot ask for more colour or more bees from this clump of flowers.
Up till now we have been subjected to chaotic changes in the weather this March. High winds, freezing temperatures overnight, sunshine and rain and more rain and clouds with temperatures about ten degrees under seasonal average take turns to fill the days.
The first of March saw the plum tree flowers frozen and brown.
Whereas a week earlier it had been full of flowers.
Four rows of broad beans were frozen overnight in an extremely low temperature. I could have avoided the damage by simply covering the plants with a fleece or even some newspaper but they completely slipped my mind.
It has not been all bad news and the Goat Willow (Salix caprea) is open and welcoming the honey bees, bumble bees, solitary bees and butterflies – especially when it is sunny. As you can see our hives are very close to the willow, which is on the left of the picture, so they can take advantage of short sunny spells in between the rain. Standing under the tree and listening to the hum above your head feels so peaceful. There is a 19 second video if you would like to share the bees.
It is good to see the girls collecting such healthy sized sacs of pollen.
The willow provides nectar as well as pollen. This is a Andrena cineraria (Ashy mining bee). They have nested in the past under the large plum tree.
Checking under the plum tree I saw a number of male Andrena cineraria flying over the ground and this one was kind enough to pose on a daisy for me while he had a snack. It looks like they are keeping to the same nesting area.
Last week the Osmia cornuta emerged from their holes. The males emerge first and on sunny days they fly constantly around the bee hotels hoping for a female to emerge. I have just seen a female prospecting one of the bee hotels so it will soon be time to watch the nest building. Check out last year’s post if you would like to see more.
On the opposite side of the garden from the bees is an area that has always been full of lesser celandine (Ficaria verna). I do my best but I find it difficult to do more than try and keep it out the borders.
I probably would not mind it so much if the bees liked it but usually it is only flies that I see on them.
One thing you can be sure about bees is that you can never say never, when it comes to their behaviour.
Keeping on the unusual – this is a double headed daffodil. It is the first one I have seen. Is it unusual?
This hyacinth is probably easier to explain, as it looks as if it has self-sown. Not very striking but at least it is a pretty colour.
It might be worth looking under your Hellebores as there are lots of seedlings under mine.
Looking closer the second leaves are just starting to appear but they could easily be overlooked by an enthusiastic weeding.
This spring has been so wet and windy that I have come to realise how useful the downward facing flowers of the Hellebore are. The pollen is kept dry for the bees and they are sheltered from the winds that make flying and nectar gathering difficult.
The green tubular structures are that the bee is visiting are the Hellebores nectaries and provide nectar which is collected by honey bees and so very valuable to the overwintering queen bumble bees when they awaken on warmer winter days.
This year my previous year’s seedlings have all done well and are settling into positions at the base of deciduous trees and plants. I have my seed trays all ready so my next job in the garden is to fill them up with more Hellebore seedlings as I have already marked out in my mind where I can plant them in the autumn.
To begin at the beginning: May I wish everyone a very Happy New Year and as they say in this corner of France I wish everyone plein des bonne choses – a lot of good things.
Although here the winters are on the whole quite mild compared with Northern Europe and the USA, this year we decided to escape the dull winter days and spend the Christmas and the New Year in the Andalusia region of Spain.
Arriving the first evening in our rented apartment we had a fabulous view of the countryside all the way to the sea.
But frankly, what does a beekeeper and gardener do on holiday? Well, apart from enjoying sunshine and temperatures of around 24 degrees C ( nearly 75F), naturally I chased after the girls – the feathered and buzzing varieties. The only problem was that unlike in our own garden, in Spain I did not recognize most of the flowers. So hopefully somebody can enlighten me.
This tiny cutie reminded me our warblers,
The countryside showed signs of spring with wild narcissus and heather as well as gorse in flower.
It was nice seeing the bees collecting different colours of pollen, This one from what looks like our red hot poker – Kniphofia.
The evening sun on this flower showed the bees still busy collecting yellow pollen.
We took a trip inland north west of Malaga to visit the bee museum (of course!) at the pretty small town of Colemnar. My son joined us and Amelia and him braved the only rainy day in the town square,
As we paint our beehives I found the museum’s hives an inspiration.
Incidentally the picture of the bee bringing a bucket full of honey to the nest-like hive shows the hives that the Spaniards in the North hang from the trees. It was at the museum that I also learnt that the bees there were of a totally different specie from ours. They were Apis mellifera iberica. They are apparently more nervous and more aggressive.
Rosemary of any variety seems to attract the bees.
Although I have no idea what type of bee this little lady is!
So we came back to France with a few ideas – and a few seeds collected here and there. But isn’t that what all gardeners do?
I hope that 2018 will be a great year for all creatures great and small and that includes all of us.
I’ve looked forward to my saffron every October since I brought my six gift corms back from our visit to the Limousin in 2008. I planted them as an experiment, as I had never seen saffron flowering before, and I was doubtful that I would succeed.
If any one has a similar climate to here, and a fancy to try growing saffron then I can attest to the pleasure of harvesting the short lived crop. There is no need to start with so few bulbs as I did because the bulbs are not expensive. Just make sure you are getting Crocus sativus and not the autumn crocus (Colchicum autumnale) which is toxic.
The one constraint is that you must be at home at the beginning of October when they first push through the ground and start flowering. This year I gathered 78 flowers on the 5 October then 96 the next day, after that the numbers dropped to the twenties and have just petered out to single flowers in the last few days.
Each day I pick out the three red pistils and put them on a plate to air dry. I am pleased with my saffron harvest this year. I cannot weigh it as I do not have a scale that is accurate enough for such a light weight but you can get an idea of how much I gathered from the picture of it on the dinner plate.
On the 15 October I was busy and it was 8 o’clock in the evening before I had time to gather the flowers.
I had just time to stop myself squashing a bumble bee on the first flower that I reached for. The bee did not budge and I carefully picked up all the flowers from the plants around it and I did not disturb it at all. It remained fast asleep! It is nice to see that it is not just me that appreciates the saffron flowers.
The leaves have started to fall.
The cherry trees leaves are turning yellow, like a lot of other trees outside of the garden.
There are less apples and they are smaller than last year.
The flowers at the moment are the old favourites apart from the Tithonia rotundifolia “Torch” which is just behind the conifer trying to out grow it. Kourosh sent away for the seeds which he had read were a magnet to bees. I looked forward to seeing the bright red flowers he had described.
I was disappointed at their brash orange colour and felt we had been cheated. I checked on the net only to find that this is their correct colour. I do not want to be sexist but Kourosh’s approximation of colours is perhaps a “man thing” – and no he is not colour blind.
However, for anyone who wants a tall, sunflower-like multi-headed plant, I can recommend it. Several plants in the back garden have done well and stayed unsupported in the sun.
My obedient plant (Physostegia virginiata) that was identified on the blog last year is doing very well in a hard place to fill in the sun. It has doubled in area since last year so I am going to have to keep my eye on its spread.
The bumble bees have no problem with a rapid increase in its flowers.
The bumble bees are in love with the single dahlias.
Solitary bees (perhaps Megachile willughbiella)…
of different species (perhaps Halictus scabiosae).
The Abutilon looks happier than ever this year. This is the third year that a new shoot has risen from its frozen stalk. I suppose I should cover it in the winter but I am reluctant to pander to plants that cannot cope with the weather. It is my fault for attempting to grow a plant that is too tender for here.
It is beautiful, though, and the bees like it.
At least this year I have managed to acquire Sedum that are attractive to the bees and butterflies and with the drought conditions we have experienced this year, I will be trying to expand by dividing the plants.
The Asters are opening and signalling the end of the summer. It has been a difficult, unpredictable year in the garden with extreme heat at the beginning followed by a cloudy, moody August and lack of rain from the beginning of the year.
There is a lot of dew in the garden at this time of year. The grass is wet and Wellington boots are a necessity. But trudging down the garden early in the morning I noticed what lovely patterns the dew left on the flowers.
The Phacelia was well sprinkled…
as was the Winter Honeysuckle. So I felt the urge to sprint, as fast as my Wellies would allow, back to the house to get my camera.
In the front garden the fully open rose was in competition …
with the rose bud to produce the most delicate drop patterns.
Then I spotted and extra big drop on a Persimmon left hanging as a winter treat for the birds. I managed to get an upside down image of the house!
But all this had started with good intentions, my weeding tool and Welly boots. It is too easy for me to get distracted in the garden.
As the Robin followed me back and forth through the garden, he seemed to be trying to work out what I was up to. It was as if the rolls had been reversed and I was being watched for the entertainment value I was providing.
Only fair really, after all the hours of pleasure I get watching the wildlife in the garden.
I have just realised how many of the flowers in the garden at the moment are either yellow or purple. It was not intentional. These perennial sunflowers were only used as a temporary filler to separate me from the next garden where I am creating a new border where trees have been removed.
I have enjoyed them so much and they have survived so well in this extra hot year that they have won their place to stay.
The Verbena bonariensis work well with them and I am finding more self-seeded babies that I will mix with them for next year.
The sunflowers provide the perfect backdrop for my Salvia amistad which are a new addition to my salvias this year.
The Salvia amistad is planted beside the Salvia uliginosa, also in its first year. I saw it last year in a post by the Anxious Gardener but as it is pale blue it is not really allowed in this post.
I could not imagine the Salvia Amistad being such a favourite with the bees but it must contain a lot of nectar as the bees completely disappear down the flower to remain there for some time before emerging looking very self-satisfied.
The bumbles prefer the shorter flowers of the uliginosa but I have seen them find another way to reach the nectaries by pushing aside the sepals like this bee above is doing. Trying to walk down the throat of the flower is not an option for the fat bumble bees.
My Cosmos sulphureus was also an after thought this year and I put the seeds down late into any space that had a patch of soil vacant.
Their bright patches are a magnet for all sorts of bees and some are already setting seed which I will leave for the birds to feast on. I will also be keeping enough seed for next year too as these ideal fillers and brighteners.
My blue (they look purple to me) geraniums are starting to emerge from where the hot sun has been keeping them at bay. These are the true geraniums and provide pollen for the bees, not like the stiff pelargoniums that are frequently grown as potted plants over here but have no attraction for bees or pollinators.
I have a Clematis “Korean Beauty” growing at the moment. My sister, who loves clematis, gave me the seeds which I have dutifully germinated. I find clematis infuriating as I try to guide them to a more upright orderly pattern but they usually end up forming tangled balls of untidy growth. Then when I try and sort them out I end up snipping the wrong stem and finish with a flowering spray of clematis in one hand and a stunted looking plant left in the ground.
However, Korean Beauty has won her place in the garden because the bees love her and I like watching their antics as they search for the nectar. The bumble bee above could hardly wait for the flower to open so that it could get first in line for the nectar.
My first sowing of Phacelia in the vegetable patch has finished. It has stood guard over the saffron and kept the area virtually weed free. Now I am waiting for the saffron shoots to appear.
The experiment worked so well that I have sown another patch on the vegetable garden where some lettuce and greens have finished. It is fun to watch the bees with purple pollen.
I have been thinking about native flowers and although I try and pull out as much of the Mallow sylvestris that I can, I wonder if I am being too harsh. It can be very invasive but perhaps I should find a legal corner for it.
I did sow some common Fleabane (Pulicaria dysenterica) last year because of its attraction for pollinators but time will tell if I will regret doing this.
My tradescantia has just started to flower for the second time this year with its purple petals and yellow tipped stamens. And I must not forget to mention the little purple flowers of the nepeta pushing into the picture from the side. The nepeta is a real workhorse of a flower for a hot dry garden and has, of course, purple flowers.